Updated: Jul 6, 2020
What Are Neurological Disorders
Neurological disorders are diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. In other words, the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscles.
If something is not functioning correctly within one of these components, it can lead to difficulties learning, breathing, swallowing, speaking and moving as well as problems associated with mood, senses or memory.
SFS Therapies help and educate patients and their loved ones/caregivers in ways in which to improve their ability to perform daily activities in an effort to overcome challenges with:
Differences in speech
Problem Solving and Reasoning
Expressing their thoughts
What type of neurological impairments can benefit from Speech Therapy?
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Traumatic Brain Injuries
Other demyelinating conditions
What services do Speech-Language Pathologists provide?
The Speech-Language Pathologists at SFS Therapies provide individualized services to improve cognition, communication, and swallowing that may be impaired as a result of the patient’s condition. Therapy involves the rehabilitation of those skills along with training of compensatory strategies, counseling, providing patient/caregiver education, and improving overall quality of life.
SFS Therapies can treat the following impairments:
Aphasia: The inability to understand spoken language and express thoughts, ideas, and/or feelings. These difficulties can range from mild to severe and can lead to impairments in word-finding, repetition, grammatical sentence production based on rest of formatting and understanding questions/topics in conversation.
Apraxia of speech (AOS): The impairment of the muscles used to produce speech. People who have AOS may have difficulty repeating speech and moving their tongue and/or lips to say the right sounds along with having a slower a rate of speech.
Apraxia of Speech
Cognition: Involves memory, attention, planning, and organization. People who have deficits in cognition may have difficulty paying attention to a task, managing finances, and orienting themselves to the environment and people around them.
Dysarthria: Results from muscle weakness and may affect the patient’s ability to be understood by others. People who have this may have “slurred” speech, a monotone vocal quality, poor breathing, slow rate of speech, and/or reduced loudness.
Dysphagia: Involves difficulty or discomfort with swallowing food and/or liquid. People who have this may have the sensation of getting food stuck in their throat, begin drooling, have “wet” or “gurgly” vocal qualities, sudden weight loss, and/or spikes in body temperature.
Augmentative and Alternative Communication-for people who can’t express themselves verbally
Melodic Intonation Therapy- to increase sentence length in people with aphasia
Pharyngeal strengthening exercises- to improve swallowing function
8 step task continuum-to assist with Apraxia of Speech
This list is by no means comprehensive, but offers an idea of what might be done in the rehabilitation of some of these neurological disorders.
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